Water supply

    Ensuring water quality involves a multi-stage process:

    • Captation: Extraction of surface or groundwater.

    • Treatment: Correction of physical, chemical, and microbiological characteristics to make it safe for consumption.

    • Lifting/Transfer: Conveyance of treated water through pipes to reservoirs.

    • Storage: Accomplished in surface or elevated reservoirs. From this point, water for consumption will be injected into the distribution network through pressurization or gravity-fed.

    • Distribution: Dispensing water to consumers through a distribution network.

    • Consumption: Utilization of treated water by consumers.


Case studies